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Advanced Mechatronic Technology Centre

Photovoltaic Technologies Course

 

Module 1: PV Cells

·         Short historical review

·         Semiconducting Materials

·         The PN Junction

·         Basic PV Cell Structure

·         PV Cell Performance

 

Module 2: PV Modules

·         Silicon Module Structure

·         Thin Film Modules

·         Concentrator Photovoltaics

·         I-V Curves

·         Module Circuit Layout

·         Effect of Module Shading

·         Module Temperature

·         Module Specification

·         Module Certification

·         Warranties

 

Module 3: Silicon Cell Manufacturing

·         History

·         Raw Materials

·         Types of Si PV Cells

·         Diffusion Process

·         Si Cell Fabrication

 

Module 4: Latest Photovoltaic Trends

·         Modelling Module Efficiency

·         Solar Cell Efficiency

·         PV Manufacturing Improvement

·         Modelling Prices

·         Manufacturing Cost

·         Cost of PV Modules

·         Projections

·         Efficiency– Price Status and Projection

·         Module Certification

·         Warranties

 

Module 5: Photovoltaic Reliability and Bankability

·         Financing a large PV project

·         Financing: Risk Perceptions

·         Risks: Lab-to-Fab Gap

·         Risks: Performance Reduction

·         Possible PV Plant Defects

·         Bankability

 

Module 6: Photovoltaic Electricity Production Overview/Trends

 

·         Drivers for PV in SA

·         Drivers for RE in SA

·         PV Electricity Production in SA

·         PV Market in SA

 

Module 7: Review of Photovoltaic Module Failures

·         Introduction

·         Definitions

·         Identification of PV module failures

·         Failure modes in PV modules

·         Adapting testing methods

 

Module 8: Introduction to PV module characterisation.

·         I-V measurement methods.

·         IEC Standard (IEC12615).

·         Standardised tests (STC, NOCT).

·         Categories of degradation modes and loss mechanisms in PV modules.

 

Module 9: Photovoltaic Module Testing and Research at NMMU

·         Photovoltaic Test Laboratory

·         Outdoor Research Facility

·         Photovoltaic Research Laboratory

 

Module 10: Energy Yield Modeling Software and Case Studies

·         Introduction to system specification and modelling / simulation tools.

·         Basic “free” simulation tools: Capabilities and limitations.

·         Activity: Spreadsheet sizing

·         Activity: Off-grid sizing PVGIS online tool

·         Activity: Off-grid sizing PVSyst or PVSol

·         Overview of grid-tied PV plant energy yield calculation using PVSyst.

·         Case study

·         PV Simulation – demonstration.